Serving Cannabis Businesses and Cannabis Entrepreneurs Nationwide
Cannabis Real Estate, Land Use, and Zoning Attorneys
Cannabis business owners across the U.S. have a series of local municipality regulations as well as state and federal laws to contend with.
While state agencies often have authority over initial land-use regulations, municipalities usually have the autonomy to make important real estate, land use and zoning decisions. These matters can greatly influence how and where you set up your business as well as the ongoing, day-to-day operations.
Often, municipalities in the same city or state opt for different ways forward for the cannabis industry within their jurisdictions or outrightly conflict with state guidelines. This can create confusion amongst the cannabis business community.
Both established and aspiring cannabis business owners must be aware of the relevant regulations and include the necessary provisions in their business plans.
The attorneys at Cannabis Law Solutions can assist with real estate, land use, and zoning issues, providing advice and insight upfront, assistance with permit applications, and representation if you face a dispute or other legal issue regarding these matters.
What real estate, land use and zoning issues can we help with?
Most cannabis business owners simply want clarity to be able to plan their businesses and remain compliant with the regulations.
This can be challenging in an industry that is so new and so tightly regulated at the local, state and federal level. Sometimes, local and state regulations conflict and lead to questions and disputes.
Real estate and land decisions usually form a major portion of the investment for business owners in the industry. Additionally, licenses to grow, process, or sell cannabis are usually tied to specific real property locations.
So, making informed decisions in these areas is critical. For instance, identifying and acquiring suitable real estate is necessary for the preparation, planning, and execution of almost any cannabis business in the U.S.
Our attorneys can help ensure that the decisions made are in your best interests. We offer the following services:
Performing due diligence on property feasibility
Checking water and power suitability
Negotiating a lease for your cannabis business
Purchasing property for your cannabis licensing application
Title and deed review
Land use planning, applications and compliance
Variance applications (if you need an exception to the building or zoning rules)
Site plan applications
Obtaining special permits
Appeals against adverse land-use decisions
Disputes over easements and neighbor relations
Landmark preservation and historic districts
Real estate valuations for existing properties
Representation in foreclosure proceedings
The above matters are often complex and time-consuming, requiring considerable industry knowledge and experience to navigate.
To avoid falling foul of the regulations and to ensure that your proposed cannabis facility is permitted, you may require considerable research and analysis of the local land use ordinances. Sometimes, special approvals or “variances” are required and we can help you with these.
Our attorneys will ensure that the due diligence is done before you make any key decisions regarding real estate, land use or zoning.
If you have already been informed by local authorities that you have violated the regulations, we may be able to take up your case with the relevant authorities, file an appeal, advise on how to fix the issue, and generally fight for your best interests.
We can also represent you in real estate litigation, assisting with breach of contract issues, disputes over contract deposits, and other legal matters if necessary.
Commercial lease agreements
A signed purchase or lease agreement is likely to be a major component of the license application approval process AND a major cost of running your cannabis business.
It is essential to fully protect your interests during the lease agreement process and to avoid unnecessary disputes and enforcement issues from the local authorities.
Our attorneys can assist with drafting commercial lease agreements that help you obtain the relevant license and safeguard the long-term future of your business.
Get help with real estate, zoning, and land use issues
Whether you are growing, manufacturing, retailing or otherwise part of the burgeoning cannabis industry, the decisions you make concerning real estate and land are likely to be of prime importance.
Our cannabis business attorneys can help you make the right decisions and avoid legal issues and disputes.
For informed legal advice, call 866-329-0729 for a consultation with a knowledgeable cannabis attorney at Cannabis Law Solutions.
How will our cannabis and psychedelic business services help you
Cannabis & psychedelics business entity formation
Whether you are looking to form a limited liability company (LLC) or a corporation, our experienced business lawyers can discuss the pros and cons of both and help you incorporate your business with the optimal structure to achieve your goals.
Cannabis & psychedelics business licenses
If you want to run a cannabis or psychedelics business, you will need a valid business license issued by your state authority as well as local permits. Eligibility criteria are likely to be stringent and we can help you navigate the often-complex license application process.
Cannabis & psychedelics corporate documentation
Whether you need to prepare for a license application, transfer of business ownership, change of corporate structure, transfer business location or another business process, we can help you identify and draft the documentation you need to operate legally in your state.
Cannabis & psychedelics administrative law
State authorities watch licensed and unlicensed cannabis and psychedelics businesses closely. If you violate regulations, you could face an administrative penalty. Our attorneys can provide representation or help you prepare for an administrative hearing, settlement conference or appeal.
Cannabis & psychedelics disputes and litigation
Whether you have a dispute with another business, a legal issue with one of your partners or a licensing or administrative issue, you may need legal assistance to help resolve it. We are adept at alternative dispute resolution methods as well as civil litigation.
Cannabis & psychedelics regulatory compliance
As the cannabis and psychedelics industries emerge in states around the U.S., they are more heavily regulated than most other industries. We can help your business navigate the red tape and plan to stay on the right side of the regulatory authorities in whichever state you are based.
McKenzie and her firm were definitely awesome. She was conscientious of my money, and made efforts to let me help to decrease the expense of my case. I was not confident about my chances of success before hiring her, but once I did, I slept so much better. Definitely the best choice (and I met with a few!)
These guys rock!!! Met with McKenzie about an issue I needed some help on. She was honest, professional and gave great direction that was easy to follow and solved the problem! Legal Solutions of New Mexico conduct themselves unlike any other lawyers I’ve ever seen – starting with their website, all the way through to the personal attention they provide! They are direct and get the job done while keeping their clients interests at heart. 10/10 would recommend to anyone needing legal help.
“One of the best for sure”
McKenzie St.Denis is THE best! She’s very thorough and listens to you. She gives the best recommendation based on YOUR needs and wants. She genuinely has the clients best interest at heart—no doubt. I definitely recommend her as she has integrity—super sharp! One of the best for sure. Thank you so much, McKenzie!!!
Opening a successful and legal marijuana dispensary begins with hiring a knowledgeable cannabis attorney and learning all that you can about this industry and the applicable laws. The next step is to set up a corporate business structure and create a retail business plan, which an attorney can also help you with. You will also need to research potential locations for your business to find out where licensing is legal.
Next, obtain the necessary licensing to operate your cannabis business and ensure that your operational infrastructure follows all laws and regulations. If you are not growing or producing your products yourself, you will need to contract with cultivators and product manufacturers to supply your business.
Before you begin the process of applying for a cannabis license, you need to establish a business from which to apply. The state will not consider an application from an individual; instead, the applicant must be a business entity in good standing with the state.
Your business will begin when you choose a legal entity and file the appropriate paperwork with the Secretary of State. After that, you will file with the IRS and obtain a taxpayer identification number.
You would start with articles of incorporation and include other key corporate provisions in the bylaws that state how your company will be governed. If your business is a partnership or limited liability company, you will need an operating agreement. Depending on your line of business, you may also need other licenses to operate.
In addition, you will also need other corporate documents that the Department of Health will want to see when they are considering your cannabis application. Of importance here, your application would ask you to provide:
Your articles of incorporation
Certificate of good standing
An attorney can help you both choose the appropriate business entity and draft and file any necessary documentation. When you are seeking to enter the cannabis field, it is important to get your business formation process right to make the best possible impression on the Department of Health. Doing so will allow you to devote as much time as possible to your cannabis-related business arrangements.
As a precursor to even being able to apply for state approval of your cannabis business, you must have a properly formed business entity. As a result, the first documentation you must file is the documentation establishing your business.
Next, you will need to obtain a tax identification number by registering with the IRS. In addition, the licensing application also asks you to provide your current state business license registration.
Beyond your general business licenses, you would also need specific permission to operate a cannabis business. This involves a very strict registration process where the state will closely scrutinize your application. You can expect the state to review each of the licenses that they request since it wants to be sure that your business complies with laws before they are granted the right to operate in the cannabis industry.
Compliance means making sure that you follow the myriad of laws that apply to your state’s cannabis businesses. Further, the regulatory landscape is fast-changing as the state gains more experience overseeing the businesses.
What this means for you is that knowledge is one of the most important things that you can have. Not only do you need an expert in the current laws, but you also need to be able to anticipate future changes in the law. This means that each business needs an expert who understands the laws and can advise them as to the best means of following them.
Also, compliance also means that you have sound policies and procedures in place that govern your business. The Department of Health is already looking at your policies when they evaluate your initial application. However, they reserve the right to audit and inspect your business to verify that you are complying with the law. You should always be ready for an inspection by documenting how you are following the regulations.
The best way to show compliance is by keeping your paperwork organized and conducting your own internal audits. The Department is interested primarily in your safety procedures, so you should be ready to show how you are following your own procedures. Further, you should always reevaluate your own policies to see if there are any weaknesses or changes that can be made to strengthen them.
The major thing that the Department of Health is interested in is the safety of both the product and the operation. As a baseline, the state wants to know who all of the owners are and the people who will be working in the operation.
While there are common documents among all the application classes that the Department is seeking, there are also special requirements for each of the categories.
For example, when the Department is evaluating a manufacturing application, it will pay close attention to measures that your business takes to ensure proper hygiene and testing methods. The Department also will pay attention to the manufacturer’s procurement practice and the security of its inventory.
With regard to laboratory submissions, the focus is partially on the testing processes and equipment that the business will use. The Department wants technical, scientific details of the exact tests and the quality control that the laboratory will use for testing. The emphasis is on ensuring product safety.
For courier businesses, the Department will scrutinize the safety and security of the delivery process, including the vehicles and the delivery routes that are used. The emphasis is on the safety of qualified patients, primary caregivers, and courier staff in light of the product being delivered. In addition, since there is interaction with patients, the Department wants to see how the applicant plans on protecting patient privacy.
Cannabis legalization often works in a series of steps. Broadly speaking, cannabis policy reform occurs in the following stages:
Prohibition: Criminal penalties apply for the possession or use of cannabis.
Decriminalization: Low-level criminal penalties are removed for cannabis usage (e.g., personal possession) and criminal penalties may be replaced with civil fines.
Medical legalization: Full medical legalization with commercial licensing and testing may come straight away or in a series of stages.
Legalization: State laws are changed to make any cannabis activity a crime no longer. Cannabis must be removed from the Controlled Substances Act and new rules added for the legal commercial cultivation, distribution, testing, and sales of cannabis.
Oregon and Colorado states have decriminalized the use, sale, and possession of psilocybin, which is the active ingredient in “magic mushrooms” and has been shown to have great value in treating certain medical conditions, like depression, anxiety and life-threatening cancers.
Besides these states, the cities of Oakland and Santa Cruz in California as well as Washington, D.C., Somerville, Cambridge and Northampton (Massachusetts) have all decriminalized psilocybin.
It should be noted that all psychedelics are illegal in the United States under federal law and drugs like MDMA, DMT, ketamine, LSD and psilocybin are Schedule 1 controlled substances. This means they are viewed as having no medical purpose and no legitimate commercial application